Pyhtina Yu.G., Mendinova A.M.
FORMATION OF LINGVOCULTURAL COMPETENCE IN TRAINING FOR READING FOREIGNERS: ON THE MATERIAL OF FANTASY GENRE [№ 4 ' 2018]
Linguacultural approach towards language teaching is vital as language learning requires the knowledge of linguisitc units of different levels. While being read and comprehended at «Russian for foreigners» lessons, culturally significant texts help students understand Russian mentality, develop analytical skills, and scrutinize some peculiarities of Russian life, traditions, values and stereotypes. Generally, this helps develop linguistic and cultural competence.
The search for new forms of cooperation is necessary to obtain linguistic, communicative and lingua-cultural competence while learning language. New material for the language teaching develops lingua-didactic and cultural aspects.
This paper substantiates the possibility of using authentic fantasy fiction for the Russian language learners. A system of pre-text and post-text exercises based on the «Taiynyi sysk tsarya Gorokha» (lit. «Tsar Gorokh’s secret inverstigation») by A. Belyanin is worked out.
The exercises are aimed at students’ linguistic and cultural competence development and can be used at the advanced stage of «Russian for foreigners» lessons.
Krasnova E.I., Abdrakhmanova G.K., Pykhtina Yu.G.
DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGE-PRACTICING COMPETENCE ON THE LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN THE REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL [№ 11 ' 2017]
The modern methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language (RCT) links the effectiveness of teaching with the formation of a number of competences, among which the main are not only linguistic, but also communicative, linguistic-cultural (including linguistic and geocracies), intercultural. The problem of the relationship between language and culture has long been the subject of close attention in the methodology of RCTs. Within the framework of this theory, various research directions have been developed, but the most interesting technologies today are the aspect-oriented teaching technologies in the context of a specific language environment. In this article, an attempt is made to investigate the didactic potential of regional texts (in our case, the texts of Orenburg authors), the content and methodological parameters of the aspect teaching in the linguistic and geocryological context are determined, and a system of assignments to texts of different types for students studying Russian as a foreign language is developed. In the course of approbation of the methodology developed by us at the Orenburg State University and the Aktubinsk Regional State University named after K. Zhubanov, we came to the conclusion that the inclusion of linguistic and linguistic information in the teaching process of foreign students not only allows creating the educational situation of the dialogue of cultures, but also significantly expands the students' about the national and regional mentality of Russians without which it is impossible to fully master the language.
Pykhtina Yu.G., Yakimov P.A.
LEVEL ANALYSIS OF SPATIAL IMAGES AND MODELS IN THE LITERATURE [№ 11 ' 2017]
As an integral component of the artistic text, the space represented in the specific (city, house, garden) or abstract (cosmos, chaos, emptiness) images, the features that depend on many factors — national or individual-authorial picture of the world that are modeled in the work, the literary method, kind, genre, ideological and aesthetic task of the writer. Taking this into account, scholars for the convenience of analysis use different classification of spatial images, which are based on certain of their characteristics and parameters. However, a unified approach to the typological study of artistic space in the literature yet. The actuality of this work is seen primarily in the need to develop a generic model of spatial text Analytics, which will adequately interpret not only individual works, but also the peculiarities of the literary process in General. Based on the foregoing, the main goal of the work is the construction of multilevel models typological study of space in literature. The article applies a systematic approach to the analysis of the material, allowing to identify and describe the connection between different spatial images. For the analysis of specific texts involves literary-historical, structural-semiotics and comparative-typological methods. The study has identified and described the following spatial levels of analysis of the text: 1) shaped to determine the key spatial semantics of images in a particular literary text; 2) a genre-generic, explaining the specifics of the clan and genremalerei function space; 3) style, aimed at revealing General regularities in the image of artistic space in the literary process of a certain age. The materials and main findings of the article can become the basis for the spatial analysis of works of different types, genres, trends, periods, national literatures.
THE VIRTUAL SPACE IN THE LITERATURE: TYPOLOGY, STRUCTURE, FUNCTION [№ 1 ' 2017]
Catching typological study of artistic pro-Russian space in the literature, we have previously identified and described the social-ing, psychological and virtual models as a base, used as a basis to create unique mixed models. Literature provides us with numerous examples of overlapping and interpenetration of field, the combination of which depends on the principle of building a plot, and genre, and problem-thematic and ideological content of the text. Since the analysis of products with a complex spatial structure, the identification of semantic types and features re-Khodnev types of space in a literary text has not yet been the subject of a special study, this work is relevant and promising. Of particular interest to us are the ways to transform reality in the texts that are experiencing the intersection of the real and virtual spatial models. The analysis revealed a number of works that the transition to an imaginary reality is often carried out by means of language (mainly metaphor and metonymy), resulting in the outside world appears to the reader in a deformed, distorted, transformed a fantasy author. Dvoemiriya situation also created the characters dive into the gaming reality that the entire gripping members, closes them in a different, built on the rules of the game field. The principal feature of the latest literature is the simulation of the so-called cyberspace, imitating reality with the help of the latest computer technology. In the course of our research we have been identified as mixed-governmental functions of spatial models, among them — the creation of a special fantastic aura, transmitting a distorted, warped worldview of the author; characters characterization, consciously or unconsciously, leaving in the “otherness” (eg, a game); the organization of the plot, genre and ideological foundations of a literary text. Proposed in this paper a typology of virtual space — just one of the possible products of the analysis of the ways in which structure there is the combination of (the intersection and interpenetration) real and virtual, in the long term — study other forms of another reality — mythological, oneiric, looking-glass, transpersonal.
THE CONCEPT OF MULTIPOLAR WORLD IN THE NOVEL THE TIME OF WOMEN BY E. CHIZHOVA [№ 11 ' 2015]
There is a functional semantic approach in a series of diverse studies on the artistic field, which is based on a systemic description of spatial images and patterns closely connected with the event-trigger level, system of spatial interrelations of personages, spatial point of view of the author and the characters and other important components of the artistic text. The semantic varieties of space and time on the content functional criterion are regarded in this article on the base of the novel "The time of women" written by the modern St. Petersburg writer E. Chizhova. The principles of the author's artistic world organization, based on coexisting and interpenetrating worlds (past and present, reality and dreams, the world of alive and dead ones, life and fable, reality and convention) are pointed out; their meaning in the structure of the artistic whole is defined. The artistic chronotope is proved to be one of the most important means of the realization of the author's idea. The suggested algorithm of the multipolar world novel analysis may become the base of the further projects in the sphere of the typology of the artistic space.
Pykhtina Yu.G., Korobejnikova A.A.
LEXICAL EXPLICATION PSYCHOLOGICAL SPACE IN M. LERMONTOV'S POETRY [№ 11 ' 2014]
The specifics and structure of model of psychological space in fiction on a material of poetry by M. Lermontov is considered in this article. Psychological space we call the image of an inner world of the lyrical hero which is modelled as a certain receptacle, a locus having the structure of the macrocosm. The main marker of psychological space in the lyrical text is the spatiality of all mental processes (memory, perception, thinking, imagination, etc.).
TO THE PROBLEM OF USE OF SPATIAL TERMINOLOGY IN MODERN LITERARY CRITICISM [№ 11 ' 2013]
In the article the review of modern philological researches, devoted to the analysis of art space in literature is offered. The most frequency concepts and the terms accepted for designation of spatial images are considered and differentiated: "locus", "topos", "a spatial mythologem" ("an archetypical image"), "spatial motive", the concept "space". Necessity of the use of concepts "through spatial image" and "spatial model" in the literary analysis is proved.
THE MODEL OF SOCIAL SPACE IN RUSSIAN LITERATURE: FROM "THE MAN IN A CASE" BY A.P. CHEKHOV TO "OUR MAN IN A CASE" BY V.A. PYETSUKH [№ 11 ' 2012]
Various approaches to the definition of the concept "social space" are considered in the article. Semantic links in a structure of the art space of stories by A.P. Chekhov "The Man in a Case" and V.A. Pyetsukh "Our Man in a Case" come to light. Techniques of modeling of the social space in the called works are analyzed.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE ART SPACE IN L. ANDREEV'S NOVELETTE "RED LAUGHTER" [№ 4 ' 2012]
Two variants of the analysis of structure of the art space in L. Andreev's novelette "Red laughter" are offered in article: on the one hand the spatial model based on opposition "war space / house space", on the other hand — model of the psychological space which elements are sensory (acoustical, visual, tactile) and physiological feelings of story-tellers are characterized.
Korobejnikova A.A., Pykhtina IU.G.
THE GAME AS INDIVIDUAL SPATIAL IMAGE IN LEONID ANDREEV 'S STORY "BIG HELMET" [№ 11 ' 2011]
The article considers the artistic space in Leonid Andreev 's story "Big helmet". Following the accepted linguistic theories of space perception, the authors define the game as an individual space image, which can be modelled by the author.
NATIONAL SPATIAL IMAGES IN RUSSIAN LITERATURE [№ 11 ' 2011]
The spatial image of a country town like a specifically national one is analyzed in the article on the example of the stories "The Town of Okurov" by M. Gorkiy and "The fathers ' country" by S. Gusev-Orenburgskiy. Connection between spatial descriptions and the character of Russian people, their mentality is determined in these works.
Korobeinikova A.A., Pykhtina Yu.G.
ABOUT SPATIAL ARCHETYPES IN LITERATURE [№ 11 ' 2010]
Researches devoted to the literary archetypes are analyzed in this article. The authors reveal and describe spatial archetypes in belletristic literature. Semantics of binary opposition house/forest is regarded on the example of the story "Old-fashioned landowners" by N.V. Gogol.
|Sergey Aleksandrovich |