DETERMINATION OF EQUILIBRIUM PARAMETERS OF EXTRACTION OF IODINE BY MIXTURES OF EXTRACENTS OF VARIOUS NATURE [№ 9 ' 2017]
Complex processing of poor mineral and hydromineral raw materials is a rather urgent task for today due to various reasons. The use of new sources of valuable components can be associated with the depletion of existing deposits, with the inability to process traditional raw materials due to geopolitical, economic, logistical or other reasons. Due to the fact that iodine does not form any significant deposits in the earth’s crust in the form of minerals, since it is a very mobile migrant, but tends to accumulate in groundwater near oil and gas condensate deposits, the use of the latter for iodine mining can be promising. Extraction extraction of iodine from reservoir and drilling waters of natural and technogenic origin is quite effective and economically advantageous. To study the extraction process, model aqueous solutions were used, which in composition are as close as possible to the composition of natural waters. The main equilibrium parameters of the extraction process were determined depending on the composition of the extraction composition. Mixtures of extractants of the aliphatic series — isooctane and cyclohexane and aromatic series — benzene and toluene were investigated. The mineralization of solutions was set by adding sodium chloride in the concentration range from 0 to 4 mol/l. The iodine content corresponded to the minimum industrial concentrations. The method of “isomolar series” and the method of “variable volumes” were used as the basic methods of investigation. In the course of the study, it was determined that, with an optimal ratio of organic and aqueous phases of 1 to 10, the greatest synergistic effect is achieved when using a mixture of extractants of aliphatic and aromatic series in a ratio of 7 to 3. The use of mixtures of this composition allows to achieve the greatest distribution coefficient and extraction ratio.
DETERMINATION OF THE LIMITING STAGE OF THE PROCESS OF EXTRACTION OF IODINE FROM SALT-FREE SOLUTIONS BY ARRANGEMENT ALKYLPHOSPHONYL ETHER-ISOOCTANE [№ 10 ' 2015]
The article contains results on the determination of the limiting stage of the process of extraction of elemental iodine from salt-free model solutions composition alkylphosphonyl ether — isooctane in the Lewis cell. As extractants were used compositions tributyl phosphate and Di-2-EGPC with isooctane.
Brusyanin D., Ponomareva M.
ODEL OF THE MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL COOPERATION OF THE PASSENGER REGIONAL CARRIERS [№ 9 ' 2015]
Currently the strategic development of the suburban passenger traffic is directed to the formation of the intermodal transport involving rail transport. In the context of legal fragmentation of the transport complex integration of transportation companies through coordination of their activities is impossible without building mutually beneficial relations of participants of the transportation process. The investigation of the existing scientific works on improvement of the suburban complex allowed us to determine that not enough attention given to the formation conditions of mutual cooperation of participants of the transportation process: the model of coordination of the interests of the passenger carriers was not created, both among themselves and with the Executive authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation. Therefore the purpose of this article is to develop a model of mutually beneficial cooperation of passenger carriers. Interaction in this paper is formalized as a graph model, defined in the plane of the formation of the conflict the carriers, proposed to use logistic approach to resolve the conflict between carriers and build optimal route network. As a result of the work carriers on the proposed cooperation schemes is achieved by the additional system effect. This effect is ensures the integrity of the system. It is expressed by the difference between the obtained effect of concerted action of carriers and the amount of economic effects of individual elements of the system. Additional system effect is possible only in terms of removing contradictions in the system. The amount of Agency fee can be set from the condition of maximizing the profitability of carriers. Proposed in the present work, the model makes it possible to form regional route network from the point of view of realization of interests of subjects of the transportation process.
GEOCHEMICAL FEATURES OF DISTRIBUTION OF PRECIOUS METALS IN THE OIL-GAS FIELDS OF THE ORENBURG REGION [№ 7 ' 2015]
Non-ferrous and precious metals in the hydrocarbon feedstock are of interest in connection with the work on the study of noble metallogeny carbonaceous formations Ural metallogenic provinces and are important in platinoids metallogenic zoning specialization eponymous folded region of East Orenburg. The purpose of this study was to establish the geochemical characteristics of the distribution of Pt, Pd, Au and Ag in oil and gas fields in western Orenburg. To solve this problem was in the creation of maps izokontsentrat metals, combined with structural-tectonic basis. Analysis of the card reveals two geochemical zones within the study area — the western and eastern, significantly different concentrations of platinum. The distribution of precious metals, their relationship to the physical and chemical properties of the oil fields in Orenburg Volga-Ural oil and gas province. The data obtained can be used in metallogenic zoning of the platform and the folded Orenburg on platinoids specialization for prospective evaluation precious metals for stratigraphic correlation of oil-saturated formations and address sources of precious metals in the hydrocarbon feedstock.
METALLOGENIC ZONING OF ORENBURG PART OF SOUTH URAL BY PLATINOID SPECIALIZATION [№ 6 ' 2015]
Precious metals play an important role in science and the national economy. The increasing rate of consumption necessary to review the structure of the raw material base of platinum group metals and gold. Address this issue and the subject of this study, which attempts to investigate the regularities of spatial distribution of Pt, Pd, in association with Au and Ag over a wide area of Orenburg in the Urals. To solve this problem, analyzed samples from 17 industrial types of deposits of Orenburg region by a single method with the use of the author's patented method for determining this metals. The resulting array of data formed the basis of the interpretation of geochemical data, during which the parameters were defined platinum group specialization sulphide deposits (gold, copper massive sulphide, copper sandstones), deposits in the ultramafic complexes and established an independent distribution of palladium in this group metals, that allowed the use of the ratio of Pt/Pd at systematizing results, produce metal zoning studies for each of the above structural-material complexes and identify metallogenic zonation platinoid specialization geological and structural zones of the South Ural and specific industrial types of deposits and pre-assess the metallogenic potential of the territory through the use of innovative sources of precious metals.
Ovchinnikov V.V., Ponomareva G.A.
TO THE QUESTION OF GENESIS OF THE SADKINSKY FIELD OF THE ASPHALTITE [№ 3 ' 2015]
Features of this field are given in article: vein type, connection to a tectonic crack, presence of abnormally high contents in asphaltites and in a zone of contact of breeds with asphaltites of the following elements: V, Ni, Mo, Cu, Со, Mg, Ag, U and other metals, and also effusions and volcanic glasses and detection of coarse-crystalline pyrites of octahedral shape in the near-contact metasomatic rocks.
Miazina N.G., Ponomareva P.A.
HYDROGEOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES ERGENINSKOGO ALLUVIAL AQUIFER (TSYMLYANS'KA ARTESIAN BASIN) [№ 6 ' 2014]
The article describes the basic laws of formation and distribution of fresh and saline groundwater ergeninskogo alluvial aquifer Tsymlyansk artbasseyna. Investigated the qualitative composition of the groundwater horizon. The results of mineralization, ion– salt composition, total and carbonate hardness and permanent. Spotted vertical zoning changes ionnosolevogo composition with depth. The possibility of complex use of hydro resources ergeninskogo horizon.
Miazina N.G., Ponomareva P.A.
PROSPECTS OF THE USE OF BRINES FOR THE EXTRACTION OF IODINE ON ОOGCF [№ 10 ' 2013]
In the present work geologо-hydrogeological features of the Orenburg oil and gas condensate field, the main regularity of formation and placement of chloride brines, the characteristic of main geochemical and genetic types chloride brines. Examples of the chemical composition of interstitial waters and considered opportunity their application as hydromineral raw materials. The main theoretical and practical aspects of redox equilibria of the model and real iodine water systems. Diagrams Eh — pH for model and natural systems. We studied the influence of the chemical composition of salinity on the size and location of the fields of stability of iodine and its compounds.
Ponomareva G.A., Loshchinin V.P.
APPEARANCE OF GOLD IN BLACK AND SLATE FORMATIONS PALEOZOIC OF EAST ORENBURG REGION AND THEIR GENESIS [№ 5 ' 2013]
In 2000–2011 works on studying of appearance of gold in standard black and slate formations of the Paleozoic of east part of the Orenburg region, and also conditions of their formation were carried out. In article features of distribution, mineral-petrography and genetic characteristics of a stratiform gold ores are given in black and slate formations in east part of the Orenburg Ural. The comparative characteristic of black and slate formations of the East Ural and West Ural megazones and the author's point of view on their genesis is submitted.
Ponomareva G.A., Pankratiev P.V., Halzov A.A.
MICROELEMENT CONTENT OF OIL OF ORENBURG OIL RESERVES [№ 1 ' 2012]
The article examines the content of metals in oil fields in the west of Orenburg oblast. The authors studied special features of distribution of metals according to stratigraphic cuts of deposits, their relationship to the physical-chemical properties of oil deposits in Orenburg region examined. They also found the following elements: copper, lead, chromium, titanium, molybdenum, zirconium, vanadium, nickel, cobalt, gold, silver, and platinum group metals and established patterns of distribution of elements in the investigated objects. The possibility of using data on microelement composition for stratigraphic correlation of rich-in-oil areas.
DETERMINATION OF THERMODYNAMIC PARAMETERS EXTRACTION OF IODINE TBP MIXED WITH ISOOCTANE HIGHLY OF SOLUTIONS [№ 12 ' 2011]
Ponomareva G.A., Pankratyev P.V.
THE DISTRIBUTION OF PRECIOUS METALS IN THE OIL OF THE WESTERN ORENBURG REGION [№ 5 ' 2011]
In 2008–2010, we studied the content of precious metals in the oil fields of the western Orenburg Region. As a result, data were obtained for concentrations of platinum, palladium, gold, nickel and cobalt. The distribution of precious metals such as platinum, palladium, gold and nickel and cobalt were studied, and their relationship to physicochemical properties of Orenburg oil deposits. We found certain patterns of element distribution in the studied areas. The possibility was indicated to use data on the microelement composition for stratigraphic correlation of oil-saturated reservoirs.
Pinchuk Yu.V., Vodunon A.S., Abramova Z.I., Desire D.M.M., Mustafin I.G., Ponomareva A.A.
BIOCHEMICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES OF LYMPHOCYTES UNDER APOPTOSIS OF PATIENTS WITH ATOPIC BRONCHIAL ASTHMA [№ 11 ' 2008]
The authors have determined morphological factors and biochemical disturbances of lymphocytes apoptosis with the patients with atopic bronchial asthma that correlate with the heaviness of sickness. Received data may serve as new integrative criteria to determine the heaviness of asthma.
|Sergey Aleksandrovich |