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Orenburg State University september 18, 2019   RU/EN
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Chuprov A.D., Voronina A.E., Petrosyan E.A.
PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE: PREVENTION OF VISUAL DETERIORATION [№ 4 ' 2018]
The study for vision acuity state among primary school age children was carried on the base of the lyceum school No.5 in Orenburg. The study included 649 children and their parents. According to the results of the examination all school children were divided into 3 groups: group 1 – children wearing glasses or contact lenses; group 2 – children without glasses or lenses, but with uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) less than 0.8; group 3 – children without glasses or lenses and UCVA more than 0.8.
It was found out that the number of children, not wearing glasses or contact lenses, and having UCVA above 0.8, decreases from form 2 to form 4, while the number of children with an UCVA under 0.8 increases twofold. In all age groups of 9–11 years, the cause of wearing glasses or lenses in the majority was myopia (9 years – 50 %, 11 years – 77.7 %). Children who did not wear glasses or lenses with UCVA above 0.8 already in form 2 (9 years) had myopic refraction in 16.5 %. In schoolchildren with UCVA less than 0.8 who had not wear glasses or lenses, the cause of vision loss was myopia in the absolute majority of children in all groups, besides that in all forms there were children having middle and high degree myopia, who had never worn glasses.
The main factor affecting the state of view of in schoolchildren of 9 and 10 years was excessive watching TV, and in 11 years old schoolchildren – games in the phone and the tablet. A low awareness of parents about the quantity of their children visual load was revealed. Symptoms of dry eye syndrome are more pronounced in children who have glasses and lenses, parents are also not fully aware of its presence. Schoolchildren and their parents received medical report on the state of their vision, which included measures to improve and preserve vision, as well as prevention of visual impairment. They also received the results of the questionnaire, which included a comparison of visual load in children and their parents’ view on this matter.

Mukhamadeev R.A., Trubina O.M., Petrosyan E.A.
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF SENSITIVITY TO RED [№ 12 ' 2014]
The peculiarities of perception of the stimulus of red in the visual field when using natural and artificially imposed (conservative and free) criteria decision chromaticity of the stimulus. We investigated the relationship of severity of cognitive style "field-dependence/field-independence" the size of the color visual field. It is shown that field-independence individuals differ wider color field of view with any criteria for the detection of the stimulus. For field-independence and field-dependence individuals characterized by the narrowing of the color visual field when using a conservative criterion and extension of the color visual field when using the free criterion. Field-independence individuals narrowing of the visual field on a conservative criterion exceeds the extension of the visual field when using the free criterion across all test meridians.

Al Rashid Z.Zh., Eremenko A.I., Petrosyan E.A.
COMPLEX TREATMENT OF BACTERIAL ULCER OF CORNEA WITH USING OF SUBCONJUNCTIVAL INTRODUCTION OF SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE AT THE EXPERIMENT [№ 12 ' 2007]

Kanyukov V.N., Ekimov A.K., Babin S.M., Petrosyan E.A.
CHANGE OF LIFE QUALITY APPRAISAL AT SURGERY TREATMENT OF CATARACT [№ 12 ' 2007]

Kanyukov V.N., Petrosyan E.A.
PSYCHOSOMATICAL PROBLEM OF EYE MICROSURGERY [№ 13 ' 2004]


Editor-in-chief
Zhanna Anatolievna
Ermakova

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© Электронное периодическое издание: ВЕСТНИК ОГУ on-line (VESTNIK OSU on-line), ISSN on-line 1814-6465
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Учредитель: Оренбургский государственный университет (ОГУ)
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