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Egoshina T.L., Luginina E.A., Kirillov D.V.
MEDICINAL PLANTS AND FUNGI IN FOLK MEDICINE OF KIROV REGION: USAGE PECULIARITIES AND RESOURCES [№ 4 ' 2016]
The study of plants used by local population in different regions is an effective, efficient and promising way of search of new substances for obtaining new medications and safe preventive remedies. Revealing of species composition, use of plants by population, and study of plant resources aiming estimation of economical use and criteria of rational use, are especially relevant in Russia where more than 70% of population uses herbs for treatment and collects plant raw material. Data were collected in Kirov region in 1981—2005 with use of in-depth interviews, personal interviews of the locals and questionnaire survey analyses. Analyses of data on plants and fungi used in folk medicine of Kirov region allowed defining 93species of plants from 41families and 11fungi species from 7families. The largest number of the used species belong to families Asteraceae— 11.5%; Ranunculaceae— 8.3%; Lamiaceae— 6.2%; Caryophyllaceae— 5.2% from total number of species. Both officinal plants (for instance, species from genus Hypericum, Filipendula ulmaria, and Paeonia anomala) and species not included in official medicine are used in regional folk medicine. The most popular folk medicinal plants are: Campanula glomerata, Carlina biebersteinii, Centaurea sumensis, Chimaphila umbellata, Equisetum fluviatile, Mentha arvensis, Moneses uniflora, Potentilla argenthea, Polygala comosa, and Hylotelephium maximum. These species can be offered for primary studies. The investigation showed that the use of majority of species (55.9%) in Kirov region is a bit more limited than marked in literature but, in general, it corresponds with the experience of other folk medicines. There are some peculiarities in use of some species (19.4%) which therapeutical effect has not been marked previously by literature data. 3 species of plants are marked as medicinal for the first time: Campanula latifolia, Centaurea sumensis, and Dryopteris austriaca.

Kapustina N.V., Egorova N.Yu., Egoshina T.L.
STATUS OF DACTYLORHIZA FUCHSII (DRUCE) SOO COENOPOPULATIONS IN "BYLINA" STATE NATURE RESERVE [№ 6 ' 2015]
10 coenopopulations (CP) of Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) Soo were investigated in middle-taiga subzone of Kirov region within the area of "Bylina" State Nature Reserve. It was shown that D. fuchsii is found in forest communities of Vaccinio-Piceetea class. the species is predominantly found in sparse linden-spruce and also aspen-birch and spruce-birch Majanthemum herbaceous forests. 33species are marked in herbaceous-undershrub layer of phytocoenoses. Dominant species are:Vacciniummyrtillus, Vacciniumvitis-idaea, Lathyrusvernus, Rubussaxatilis, Solidagovirgaurea, Oxlisacetoslla, Majanthemumbifolium, Melicanutans, Viciasylvatica, Poanemoralis. D.fuchsia onthogeny consists of 2 ontogenetic periods (pre-productive, productive) and 4ontogenetic states (juvenile, immature, virgin, productive). All studied CP are incomplete, individuals of pre-productive group of immature ontogenetic state prevail. Basic ontogenetic spectre is ancipital with local maximum in immature individuals group. The part of productive individuals varied from 7.7 to 100% in the investigated CP. The following morphometric parameters points are given— sprout length, inflorescence length, parameters of the first leaf (length, width, number of veins). The analyses of basic morphometric features of productive individuals showed that the highest plants were found incowberry-blueberry spruce-linden forest on an overgrowing runway. The estimation of parameterscarried out on pooled data of studied CP demonstrated high level of variability. The least variable features of productive individuals of D.fuchsia are the width of the first leaf and inflorescence length (3.4 and 8% correspondingly). Maximum variability level was marked for sprout length (62%). The range of integrable coefficient (SC) forD. Fuchsia is between 1.6 and 2.8. The status of 6coenopopulations of D.fuchsia is estimated as "close to threatened". One CP is in satisfactory condition which is determined by high share of productive individuals and maximum density. The rest of the coenopopulations are in the state "depending on protection". For that matter it is recommended to monitor the status of all coenopopulations.


[№ 10 ' 2008]

Suleimanova V.N., Egoshina T.L., Ishmuratova M.M.
ECOLOGICAL-BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF CEONOPOPULATION MAIANTHEMUM BIFOLIUM (L.) F. W.SCHMIDT IN CONDITIONS OF SOUTHERN TAIGA AND SUBAREA OF CONIFEROUS-BROAD-LEAVED FORESTS [№ 9 ' 2008]
Ecological-biological characteristic of ceonopopultaion of M/ bifolium in conditions of Southern taiga and subarea of coniferous-broad-leaved forests (on the example of Kirov region and Republic of MariyEl) is given in this article. Ecological-phytocoenotic confinedity of species is studied; ceonopopulation characteristics (number, density, age structure, peculiarities of fruiting, vitalistic structure of ceonopopulations) are researched in this work.

Chirkova N.Yu., Egoshina T.L.
DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF COENOPOPULATIONS VACCINIUM VITIS – IDAE L. IN CONDITIONS OF SOUTHERN TAIGA FORESTS IN KIROV REGION [№ 12 ' 2007]
Demographic characteristics of Vaccinium vitis – idae L. in conditions of Southern taiga forests in Kirov region are studied in this article. Age structure of coenopopulations in different ecological- phytocoenotic conditions is determined here, also series of population parameters (density, index of relexivity, index of restoration, index of aging), allowing appreciating condition and structure of populations is researched in this work.


Editor-in-chief
Sergey Aleksandrovich
MIROSHNIKOV

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